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[New Year's walk at the grass-roots level and poverty alleviation front line] Desheng Village's "Butterfly Change"

来源:经济日报 记者:周雷祝惠春朱轶琳 January 9, 2020 07:21 Source: Economic Daily Reporter: Zhou Lei Zhu Huichun Zhu Yilin

"My new year's wish is to invite the general secretary to come to my house to sit and see the happy life in our village." On January 8, the snow-covered area and bright sunshine in Bashang area. In the warm and bright new Curie, Xu Haicheng, a villager in Desheng Village, Xiaoertai Town, Zhangbei County, Hebei Province, told the Economic Daily-China Business Network reporter. On January 24, 2017, General Secretary Xi Jinping calculated income and expenditure accounts with him , Told him to work hard. Since then, he and his friends have contracted greenhouses to start potato planting, with a net income of 100,000 yuan in 2018, and continued to grow in 2019.

"In the new year, I still have a big fight." Xu Haicheng said with confidence. He lived in a small building, bought a car, and his second daughter was admitted to university. The days were booming. The scene is gone forever.

Nowadays, the members of Desheng Village are full of motivation to get rid of poverty and become rich. The village promotes potato planting, runs homestay tourism, and builds photovoltaic power generation projects. In 2019, the per capita net income reached 137,000 yuan. Through the implementation of targeted poverty reduction, a total of 442 people in 211 households were lifted out of poverty. The incidence of poverty has fallen from 37.8% in 2013 to the current 0.17%. At the same time, the two nearby natural villages will be integrated and relocated, and the Desheng New Village will be planned and constructed in a unified manner, with high-level supporting infrastructure construction.

The "butterfly change" in Desheng Village is the epitome of Zhangbei County's decisive battle to overcome poverty. Zhang Bei is located in the periphery of Beijing. It is one of the counties with the most concentrated poverty population in Hebei Province. In recent years, Zhang Bei has kept in mind that General Secretary Xi Jinping entrusted him during the inspection. The county cadres and the masses based on the three responsibilities, policies, and work to implement, target, and accurately implement policies, work together to tackle the problems, pay close attention to implementation, and complete the high-quality poverty alleviation task. According to statistics, there were 6,552 people out of poverty in 3,552 households in the county in 2019, the incidence of poverty dropped to 0.57%, and 100 poor villages were excluded from poverty.

Out of poverty, we must be brave and hard-hearted. There are 12 deeply impoverished villages in Zhangbei County, and the incidence of poverty is above 50%. With the support of all parties, Zhangbei County mobilized elites to overcome them one by one. An example is Daijia Village, Ertai Town, Zhangbei County.

"Industrial poverty alleviation by industry, root out the poor." Mao Hongling, director of the Private Economic Development Division of Hebei Provincial Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, and first secretary of Daijia Village, Ertai Town, Zhangbei County, told reporters that the industries of the poor are based on the traditions of oats and beets. The plantation industry is the mainstay. After nine years of drought, the poor depend on the industry to increase their income. In view of this, Daijiacun chose quinoa as a breakthrough. After the successful collective planting of the village in 2017, the planting volume was increased due to favorable conditions. In 2019, 1300 acres of quinoa were planted by 26 villagers and organically certified.

In order to ensure that the villagers get rid of poverty and become rich, Daijia Village has perfected the operation mode of "cooperatives + farmers + finishing + orders", registered the trademark "Xin He Fu", and launched the brand. In Daijiacun's quinoa processing plant, quinoa raw grains have been processed into a finished product through sieving, rice milling, polishing, bran blowing, and color sorting. The price has risen from 4 yuan per catty to 18 to 20 yuan.

"In 2019, I planted 200 acres of quinoa with an annual income of 300,000 yuan." Huo Junqing, a villager, told the Economic Daily-China Economic Network reporter that in the past, Daijiacun only used to cultivate traditional varieties, and it was easy to lose money. The arrival of the village team not only helped the village to form a leading industry for wealth, but also improved the village's appearance, and the villagers lived and worked in peace and contentment.

While winning the deeply impoverished villages, Zhangbei County also adopted a variety of models to promote the governance of "hollow villages" across the region. Among them, 120 “hollow villages” with harsh natural conditions, fragile ecological environment, and high hollow ratios were relocated, and a collective resettlement community of 450,000 square meters was built in Yihemei Village, 2.7 kilometers east of the county. 12 There are more than 16,000 people in townships.

In order to achieve "relocation, stability, and prosperity", Zhangbei County insists on "constructing the two districts together" in a centralized resettlement area and an industrial park. A watermelon base for the east-west cooperation project was built 3 kilometers south of the Yihemei resettlement area. In 2019, 7.8 million yuan was invested to build 800 new greenhouses, and 300 of them were put into use that year, with a profit of 240,000 yuan. Through public welfare posts or difficult assistance All forms of gold will be distributed to the relocated households. Relying on the technology of the Bashang Base of the Zhangjiakou Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Zhangbei Zhongxin Potato Cooperative develops the potato industry, hiring more than 300 people for employment nearby.

Based on the endowment of local resources, Zhangbei County has basically achieved full coverage of the poverty alleviation industry, organically combining poverty alleviation with rural rejuvenation and the improvement of rural human settlements. Through "hollow village" governance and the construction of rural mutual aid and happy homes, high-quality poverty alleviation has been achieved.

From the perspective of industrial development, Zhangbei County has vigorously improved the scale and industrialization level of the traditional breeding industry. The scale of beef cattle and dairy cattle breeding has exceeded 80,000 pigs, 600,000 pigs, and 800,000 sheep; photovoltaic poverty alleviation has made ordinary people out of poverty and become rich. "Hard crops", the county's annual photovoltaic poverty alleviation industry income of more than 150 million yuan, 40% as village collective income, the remaining 60% is distributed to poor households through public welfare posts, which can cover 30,000 households (3,000 yuan per household); vigorous development Eco-industry and eco-tourism, relying solely on the development of the tourism industry represented by the grassland sky road, has led to the participation of 12,000 people, with an annual increase of more than 2,000 yuan per capita. From the perspective of the construction of rural mutual aid and happy homes, the county has built 11 mutual aid and happy homes that can accommodate 1,320 people.

"People don't lift poverty, and cadres don't relax." Zhang Beiguo, secretary of the Zhangbei County Party Committee, said that in 2020, he should submit a satisfactory answer to the people of the county with high-quality poverty alleviation results. (Economic Daily-China Economic Network reporter Zhou Lei Zhu Huichun Zhu Yilin)

(Responsible editor: Liu Jiang)

[New Year's walk at the grass-roots level and poverty alleviation front line] Desheng Village's "Butterfly Change"

来源:经济日报 2020-01-09 07:21 Source: Economic Daily
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