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[Looking back at 2019 and looking forward to 2020] The heavy and lively people's livelihood answer sheet

来源:经济日报 January 08, 2020 07:49 Source: Economic Daily

According to General Secretary Xi Jinping, editor of the Economic Daily-China Economic Net , letting people live a good life is the starting point and end point of all our work. Since 2019, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee, all regions and departments have adhered to the people as the center, have done a good job in ensuring people's livelihood, continued to improve people's livelihood, and handed out a warm and lively answer to the people's livelihood. A sense of well-being and security.

At a higher level, we can achieve childcare, education, labor, income, illness, medical treatment, old-age support, live-in-home, support for the weak, and continuously satisfy the people's longing for a better life. The deep people's livelihood feelings of the party and government have made people more confident in the future. There is no end station for improving people's livelihood, but only a continuous new starting point. In the new year, we will reap more warmth and bloom more happiness!

Hebi, Henan:

"Small Finance" Watering "Big People's Livelihood"

In recent years, the financial department of Hebi City, Henan Province has strongly supported the strategy of rural revitalization. The picture shows that Qinjie Village, Qi County, Hebi City has greatly improved the living environment with financial support. (Profile picture)

"Hebi is a prefecture-level city with a small fiscal revenue and 'small finances', but we have been pouring out people's livelihood with our heart." During the Ninth National Financial System Advanced Collective and Advanced Workers Commendation Conference held recently, Zhang Shaomin, director of the Financial Bureau of Hebi City, Henan Province, as an advanced worker, told the reporter of Economic Daily that Hebi's financial story.

Since 2019, under the influence of increasing economic downward pressure and large-scale tax cuts and other factors, the pressure on fiscal revenue and expenditure in various places has increased, and Hebi City is no exception. In the first 11 months of 2019, Hebi City reduced the burden of 967 million yuan for enterprises and individuals. The pressure on business operations was reduced, and the pressure on the government budget was increased. Under such circumstances, Hebi's financial expenditure in the field of people's livelihood has still achieved a major breakthrough-based on the first breakthrough of 10 billion yuan in 2018, the first 11 months of 2019 has reached 11.9 billion yuan, accounting for the proportion of general public budget expenditures in successive years Stable at 80%.

How did Hebi do it? Zhang Shaomin said three major secrets: to gather wealth and make money, and to use money effectively.

Let's talk about Jucai first. Hebi City strives to cultivate high-quality financial resources, actively promotes the construction of financial and taxation big data management application systems, and has taken the lead in issuing a series of documents to continuously stimulate market vitality. At the same time, a batch of "national font" trials, such as energy saving and emission reduction, and sponge cities, have successively landed, with a total of 4.86 billion yuan of superior funds, leveraging social capital of over 20 billion yuan, and doing a number of big things for the people.

Look at financial management again. Hebi City strictly controls the budget of the "three public" funds, vigorously reduces general expenditures, continues to revitalize the financial stock funds, strictly implements the main responsibility of the "three guarantees" expenditures, and ensures that financial funds are given priority to ensuring wages, operations, and basic livelihood.

"Whether the financial money is spent effectively is ultimately a matter of ordinary people's sense of acquisition and satisfaction. This is the essential meaning of using money effectively." Zhang Shaomin listed to reporters some of the first 11 months of livelihood in 2019 Input list-

In terms of education, Hebi City raised 630 million yuan to support education to fight poverty, expand inclusive preschool education resources, and so on.

In support of the improvement of social security, 2.63 billion yuan was allocated to funds such as employee pension, employee medical care, and unemployment insurance. The basic pension for urban and rural residents' endowment insurance was increased to 103 yuan per person per month; the level of living allowances for the urban and rural poor people were increased to 274 yuan and 170 yuan per person, respectively.

In terms of supporting the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy, Hebi issued financial opinions to support the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy and policy system. It raised more than 70 million yuan to create beautiful rural demonstration belts such as Wangjiayu, Yanqi River, and Taihang Mountain, and supported the growth of 23 village-level collective economic development. The pilot project has solidly promoted the development of rural public welfare undertakings.

Zhang Shaomin said: "Into 2020, Hebi will actively improve the quality and efficiency of its finances, consolidate the system's synergy, let the finances bear more fruits of people's livelihood, and let the broad masses truly experience more sweetness." (Economic Daily-China Economy Reporter Dong Bijuan

Abacus "sounds" to do good

Since 2019, the downward pressure on China's economy has increased, coupled with the large-scale tax and fee reduction effects that have continued to appear, the fiscal characteristics have been slowing down and under pressure. Under these circumstances, it is particularly important to insist on performance management reforms that focus on performance orientation, cost accounting, and implementation of decentralization and accountability. This is not only the key entry point for active fiscal policy to improve quality and efficiency, but also to establish a “long and tight life”. An important focus for protecting and improving people's livelihood.

Over the past year, the construction of an all-round, full-process, and full-coverage budget performance management framework system has progressed steadily and in an orderly manner. The quality of evaluation of departmental overall expenditures, policies, and project expenditure performance has continued to improve, and the efficiency and effectiveness of financial resource allocation have been further improved.

The achievements are obvious to all, and the problems cannot be ignored. At present, the construction of the budget expenditure standard system is progressing slowly, the standardization of performance targets and indicators is low, the quality of third-party evaluations is uneven, the evaluation results are not completely linked to the budget preparation, and the accountability mechanism has yet to be established.

Breaking through these difficulties requires comprehensive and systematic reforms. All parties should fully realize that the implementation of budget performance management is not just to spend less money, but to spend good money. It is both a total amount regulation and a structural adjustment. To be performance-oriented and insist on a long and tight life, we must use four "irons" to support: "Iron roosters" to vigorously reduce inefficient expenditures; "iron abacus" to arrange more effective expenditures; keep "iron discipline", dare accountability is invalid Expenditure; have "iron will", always adhere to performance-oriented.

The full implementation of budget performance management is not an overnight effort, but continuous efforts should be made to create a good legal environment for budget performance management, innovate a framework system for budget performance management, and establish performance indicators and budget expenditure standards by industry, sector, and level. Treasury, nurturing, guiding, and developing independent and appropriate third-party evaluation agencies.

To promote the reform of budget performance management, it is necessary to consolidate the performance consensus of all parties in the society and accelerate the construction of a budget performance ecology. Government departments should deeply understand the importance of comprehensively establishing the "performance" concept in public governance, and actively carry out related tasks such as budget performance management. At the same time, we must strengthen the legal system, actively cultivate and develop third-party evaluation agencies and other social organizations, and build and strengthen performance evaluation chains.

In short, in the reform process, it is necessary to promote the formation of a deep-rooted, conscious and introspective performance action in the entire society from top to bottom, from the inside to the outside, and to form a performance culture in which the entire society can participate to contribute and share its benefits. The "root" of the performance concept is firmly anchored, and the "base" of the performance action is consolidated, so that the road to budget performance management reform will be stable and far-reaching. (This article Source: Economic Daily - China Economic Net Author: Peter C. Choi Department of Fiscal Science Research Institute researcher at China, deputy director of the China Institute of Fiscal Studies Performance Management Committee and Secretary General)

patient:

Less expenses for medication and less errands

On December 26, 2019, medical staff of Wuxia County Central Health Center in Wushan County, Chongqing, measured the blood pressure of 42-year-old Lushui Villager Fenghouzhi (middle). Photo by Xinhua News Agency reporter Wang Quanchao

65-year-old diabetic Wang Lan, because of macular edema and severe vision loss, needs to be treated with ranibizumab injection. However, since the drug was not included in medical insurance before, the price of 5700 yuan per injection made the continuous use of Wang Lan more burdensome.

Since January 1, 2020, the new national medical insurance catalog has been implemented, and ranibizumab injection has been included in medical insurance. Now, Wang Lan only needs to pay a few hundred yuan for each injection treatment, and the economic burden has dropped by about 80%. "The declining drug bills relieved me of the burden and made me worry-free after seeing a doctor." Wang Lan said happily.

"It's not just the cost of eye disease treatment. The prices of commonly used drugs such as diabetes and hypertension have also dropped a lot." Wang Lan said that in 2019, the country made it clear that urban and rural residents with hypertension and diabetes insured patients were at the The following fixed-point primary medical institutions prescribe medicines for outpatient visits, and the payment ratio within the scope of the policy has reached more than 50%, while improving the long-term prescription system. "For our chronically ill patients, the increase in the reimbursement of outpatient drugs and the implementation of the long-term prescription system not only saves us money when we see a doctor, but also saves us a lot of time by not having to get medicine at the old hospital."

Wang Lan told reporters that her home is in Taihe County, Fuyang City, Anhui Province. In recent years, her daughter has been living in Beijing, and her medical treatment has always been her heart disease. Previously, outpatient medical expenses had to be paid in advance. At the end of the year, the bills were brought back to their hometown, and they were reimbursed manually by the medical insurance department. The cycle was long and it was very inconvenient. However, as the network of medical settlements in different places has been rolled out, it is not so difficult to reimburse patients. Not long ago, she went through a heart surgery at Beijing Chaoyang Hospital after going through medical procedures in another place, and successfully settled the medical insurance card in real time. The medical expenses of 35,000 yuan were directly reimbursed for 20,000 yuan.

"We are all beneficiaries of the medical reform." Wang Lan told reporters that his cousin Wang Gang was diagnosed with lung cancer in 2016 and has been taking the targeted drug Iressa (gefitinib) for treatment. "Previously, this box of medicine was 2280 yuan. In 2019, the state implemented a drug procurement policy. The price of medicine dropped to 547 yuan per box. His medical expenses also fell from 6840 yuan per month to 3,600 yuan, plus Medical insurance reimbursement now requires only one or twenty yuan a day to take a 'life-saving medicine.' "Wang Lan said that although we all have stable incomes, they still belong to the wage earner family. Most of the cost of seeing a doctor is now reimbursed by Medicare. Without medical insurance, the quality of our lives is unimaginable. "Now, our entire family has joined medical insurance, not only for reimbursement to see a doctor, but also to give us a sense of security!" (Economic Daily-China Economic Network reporter Wu Jiajia)

Good policies improve people's sense of getting medical treatment

Affordable medicine and comfortable medical treatment are the basic demands of the masses for medical treatment. At present, China has established the world's largest basic medical security network, which has achieved universal coverage of basic medical insurance. At the same time, there are also some problems. It is imperative to improve quality and improve medical insurance.

In order to lower the price of medicines and make it easier to see a doctor, the state set up the Medical Security Bureau and launched a series of drastic reforms in the field of medical insurance. In 2019, from the introduction of drug volume purchases and drug price reductions by 60%, to urban and rural residents with hypertension and diabetes outpatient drug reimbursement of over 50%, and the immediate settlement of medical treatment in different places, medical insurance measures continue to increase. These new policies are benefiting more More workers and residents.

In order to ensure the implementation of the policy, medical insurance departments and health departments at all levels have joined forces to strengthen the monitoring of the use of negotiated drugs, build a national pharmaceutical public procurement market and a multi-party procurement structure to reduce clinical value, obvious abuse, and better alternatives. Drugs are transferred to the medical insurance directory. At the same time, the construction of medical insurance information business coding standards was promoted to speed up the "one code pass" of the national medical insurance system.

Good policies have brought a real sense of gain to the masses. 70 new drugs with high clinical value "finalized" medical insurance, covering 10 fields such as cancer, rare diseases, hepatitis, and diabetes. Through negotiation of price reductions and medical insurance reimbursement, the overall burden of patients' personal medications has fallen below 20%, and individual medicines have fallen below 5%. Regarding the settlement of medical insurance in other places, as of the end of November 2019, the number of insured persons who directly settled the inter-provincial hospitalization expenses has reached 3.95 million, and there are more than 25,000 designated inter-provincial medical institutions that can settle directly.

In 2020, medical insurance reform will further increase. Experts predict that volume purchases will continue to expand across the country, and the medical insurance catalog will continue to be dynamically adjusted. Through the reform of medical insurance payment methods, the cost control will become a trend. The coverage of medical insurance reimbursement will continue to expand. The basic medical insurance access system for high-value medical consumables will be further established. The work of safeguarding fund security and cracking down on fraud and insurance was further strengthened. We have reason to believe that with the deepening of the reform of the medical insurance system, there will be more and more policy benefits and patients will receive more benefits.

Go further. Compared with the goal of building a high-quality medical insurance system in the new era, the results we have achieved are just the beginning. It is a long way to go to achieve the goal of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China to comprehensively build a multi-level medical security system covering the entire people, coordinating urban and rural areas, clear powers and responsibilities, and ensuring appropriate and sustainable protection. Experts point out that in the next step, we should continue to work hard to advance the medical insurance reform in terms of further improving the urban and rural critical illness insurance system, specifically strengthening the professionalization, standardization, and informationization of the medical insurance team, and establishing a scientific and reasonable resident medical insurance financing mechanism and treatment adjustment mechanism. , To further enhance the masses' sense of medical treatment. (This article Source: Economic Daily - China Economic Net Author: Wu Jiajia)

Sports industry practitioners:

Integrating outdoor sports into everyday life

On November 27, 2019, trainees of the Youth Winter Olympic Sports School in Zhangjiakou City, Hebei Province trained in the snow. Photo by Chen Xiaodong (Chinese Classic Vision)

For Liu Fuwang, general manager of Guangxi Yunqi Sports Industry Development Co., Ltd., the year 2019 that has just passed is undoubtedly a harvest year. At the National Mountaineering Outdoor Sports Club Annual Meeting held at the end of 2019, Yunqi Sports led by Liu Fuwang was once again awarded the "Top Ten National Clubs".

Looking back on the changes in the climbing market in the past year, Liu Fuwang feels a lot. "The number of people participating in rock climbing has increased year by year. Not only outdoor sports enthusiasts, more and more non-professional groups are also attracted by rock climbing. Young salaried white-collar workers and students have also joined the climbing team." Liu Fuwang said .

Since the competitive climbing project was listed as an official event of the Tokyo Olympics, the number of people participating in climbing has increased year by year. Not only that, the indoor climbing gym has also experienced unprecedented development. "People no longer see climbing as a dangerous sport, but a way to exercise and reduce stress in their lives." Liu Fuwang said, taking the company ’s climbing gym in Nanning as an example, with an average of 4,000 visitors per month Participated in climbing training, with a monthly turnover of nearly 100,000 yuan.

Nanling City, Gushan Town, Mashan County, a rock climbing sports town, is one of the first 96 pilot sports and leisure towns announced by the State General Administration of Sports. In 2019, Liu Fuwang will expand the rock climbing experience project from Nanning City to Mashan County. In the past year, fully utilizing the strength of the "outdoor sports +" cross-border integration, Guangxi Yunqi has in-depth cooperation with Nanning Sports Bureau and the People's Government of Mashan County, actively participating in outdoor sports precision poverty alleviation projects, which has effectively brought poverty reduction Hope, showing the infinite possibilities of outdoor sports.

Today, Mashan County continues to introduce international competitions and carry out a normalized tourism experience, turning the town into a fully featured, radiant, far-reaching, and effective rock climbing feature town, with a view to forming a new high-level pillar industry in Mashan. At present, the supporting facilities around the town are being continuously improved, including car camps and camping projects. With the improvement of local tourism, the level of various supporting services will be improved qualitatively.

"The promotion of national fitness has also cultivated people's sports consumption habits. Taking rock climbing as an example, many enthusiasts are willing to spend money on equipment such as hiking shoes, quick-drying clothes, and hard hats, and buy a sport from head to toe. ". Liu Fuwang said that with the development of society, people pay more and more attention to health, more and more money is spent on sports, and more and more sports products and services can be bought with money.

"The rapid development of the sports industry has greatly promoted the integration of sports and people's lives, and this integration has also promoted the high-quality development of the sports industry. We hope that through existing resources, we can build a communication platform and call for more peers and The club develops outdoor sports and participates in this mundane and meaningful work. "Looking ahead, Liu Fuwang is full of confidence. (Economic Daily-China Economic Network reporter Han Bingzhi)

Expecting the sports industry to become a "new pillar"

For China's sports industry, 2019 is an important year. This year coincides with the fifth anniversary of the publication of "Several Opinions on Accelerating the Development of the Sports Industry and Promoting Sports Consumption", and the "Opinions on Promoting National Fitness and Sports Consumption to Promote the High-Quality Development of the Sports Industry" was officially launched, and for the first time, it was explicitly stated that The pillar industry of the national economy "points out the way forward for the future development of China's sports industry.

It's not just the introduction of policies that is gratifying. Judging from the sports equipment sales data and financial statements of listed sports companies released by major e-commerce companies in 2019, the scale of China's sports industry has maintained a rapid growth trend. Especially after years of precipitation and development, some high-quality event IPs, sports and leisure towns and various sports complexes have begun to emerge, showing a good development momentum.

However, there are still many bottlenecks behind the "accelerated running" of the sports industry. For example, in the past, under the business system, some institutional and institutional pain points, difficulties and blockages that restrict the development of the sports industry still exist. From a practical point of view, the sports industry has not yet fully realized the multiple linkage mechanisms of government, enterprises, and individuals in terms of resource allocation, management services, and venue operations. The vitality and creativity of market players need to be further exerted. At the same time, the sports industry still has the problem that good policies cannot be implemented, causing some social capital to worry about further increasing the investment in the sports industry.

The 2019 Central Economic Work Conference proposes to promote the market-oriented development of the sports fitness industry. How to break administrative barriers and leave the market to the market is the key to the next development of the sports industry. Looking into the future, fusion innovation will be an important driving force for the high-quality development of the sports industry. Under the trend of technological innovation and industrial integration, a number of new formats, new models and even new industries will emerge. Only by accelerating the integration of sports with other industries can we expand the potential and space for the development of the sports industry.

From the perspective of the government, government departments need to strengthen guidance, control the overall industry chain, improve the competitiveness of related products, lay the foundation for sports consumption, form cross-domain coordination, and achieve accurate policy. This is the key to the success of the "sports +" action. Enterprises must also have the spirit of "meticulous care". As China ’s sports consumption shifts from physical, ornamental, service-oriented and participatory development, outdoor sports and other extensive participation experiential sports have broad development space, and emerging consumption such as sports tourism and sports information will increasingly become sports consumption development. important content. To this end, market players must also lean forward, work harder to serve consumers, continue to innovate in operating concepts, provide the public with a wide range of sports products, and promote the high-quality development of the sports industry. (This article Source: Economic Daily - China Economic Net Author: Han Bing Zhi)

Art education practitioners:

More and more children learning art

On January 3, 2020, the central kindergarten of Mazhou Town, Huichang County, Ganzhou City, Jiangxi Province was taking a football-themed outdoor activity class. Children accompanied by teachers enjoyed the unlimited joy brought by football. Photo by Zhu Haipeng (Chinese Classic Vision)

"There are not necessarily fewer children studying maths in 2019, but there must be more children studying art." Said Ruan Xiao, vice president of Tomato Field Art. "In the past, parents evaluated the effect of class because they looked like they did not look good and scored high. No. Now, parents are more concerned about the improvement of their children's overall quality. "

At present, parents will always choose one or even several quality courses for their children, such as music, art, horse riding, roller skating, robots, Lego ... these courses are no longer for parents to advance their children to school, let children learn "excellent", but to cultivate Children's ability to create ideas and improve their overall quality.

As parents' educational concepts change and progress, the training market is also changing. Ruan Xiao said that parents now attach great importance to improving their children's overall quality. Therefore, art education institutions have also upgraded from a single exercise of artistic creativity to a systematic training of children's overall quality. For example, many arts training institutions will organize children to display their works in a project-based manner. In the process, not only can children's creative ability be improved, but their self-confidence can also be effectively improved. At the same time, children will be organized to participate in professional and authoritative children's art activities at home and abroad to open up children's horizons.

"Many parents do not expect their children to engage in arts in the future. They just want to train them into high-quality and competitive people." Ruan Xiao said that in this case, the current art education institutions no longer just train children to paint. Produce a very "like" thing, but guide children to think and create. "For example, children are also taught to draw penguins. Some art institutions just teach children how to draw heads and bodies. We also have to tell children that penguins are a bird but they do not fly, and they are male penguins to hatch eggs."

Although it has little to do with further education, the fees for quality education are still rising. Take a tomato field campus in Beijing as an example. In 2018, the institution's single tuition fee was about 170 yuan, and it will increase to about 200 yuan in 2019. It may increase by 10% in 2020. However, the person in charge of the school district is not worried about the impact on students. "As long as our teaching quality is high, parents are willing to pay for good quality education."

In the notices of general college admissions in 2018 and 2019, the Ministry of Education has proposed that the comprehensive quality evaluation results of students should be used as an important reference for admissions admission, strengthen the use of high school students' comprehensive quality files, and use artistic literacy as a comprehensive quality. important part. "The needs of the market are there. After we practice our internal skills and continue to upgrade our courses and teaching levels, we have the hope of becoming a century-old shop." Ruan Xiao said. (Economic Daily-China Economic Network reporter Ying Ying)

Educational equity is the foundation of quality education

From 2018 to 2019, the most concerned topics in the education field have been "burden reduction" and rectification of off-campus training institutions-the rectification of off-campus training institutions that has been carried out for more than a year will continue to be promoted, and discipline education is strictly forbidden to advance beyond the outline Lectures and off-campus training institutions are strictly forbidden to be linked to school enrollment. In principle, discipline competitions at the compulsory education stage are no longer organized, and each of them interrupts the "dream of further education" of off-campus training.

On December 28, 2018, with the consent of the State Council, the Ministry of Education and other nine departments jointly issued the Measures to Reduce Burden on Primary and Middle School Students. In addition to re-emphasizing the standardization of off-campus training institutions and strengthening classroom education, it also stressed the need to further promote compulsory education schools to be exempted from exams. Full enrollment at the nearest school is strictly prohibited. It is strictly forbidden to use the training results of training institutions as the basis for enrolling students. It has fully implemented the high school stage admissions model based on junior high school vocational test results and combined with comprehensive quality evaluation. Recruitment and enrollment ".

The resulting impact is transmitted to the training market, that is, quality education has become the "standard" of family education. Many first-year parents are no longer enthusiastic about math and math thinking classes, but they will definitely give their children one or two interest classes. .

In the process of popularizing quality education, national policy orientation and parental concepts are very important, but the most important point should be the balanced distribution of educational resources and a greater and wider educational equity. In the past two years, the state has vigorously promoted the junior high school waiver of enrollment to the nearest school, no longer allowed the admission of special students, enrollment, and other methods, and no longer allowed private schools to advance in advance. In reality, in areas where educational resources are more evenly distributed, parents can calmly accept their children's assignments in school districts, respect their children's choices, and let them choose interest classes that are less utilitarian and less exam-oriented. This is the premise that quality education can be accepted by parents.

In areas where education resources are unevenly distributed, parents cannot accept that their children can only go to weak schools in front of their homes, and they have to dig out and let their children learn maths, test, participate in various competitions, and go to the doorstep of a prestigious school. These areas have also become hot spots for rectification of off-campus training.

In areas where education fairness is well done, parents have "Buddha Departments", and quality education has room for development. Where education fairness is weak, parents have "chicken blood," exam-oriented education, or utilitarian quality education prevails. To change this situation, on the one hand, we need to reform the way of enrolling students, continue to strictly implement the nearest enrollment, cut off the chain of off-campus training and examination enrollment, and on the other hand, we must continue to increase investment in education, so that high-quality education resources are richer and more balanced . Use the addition of high-quality educational resources to do subtraction of student burden. (This article Source: Economic Daily - China Economic Net Author: She Ying)

(Responsible editor: Liu Jiang)

[Looking back at 2019 and looking forward to 2020] The heavy and lively people's livelihood answer sheet

来源:经济日报 2020-01-08 07:49 Source: Economic Daily
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