Our newspaper, Beijing, January 8th (Reporter Kou Jiangze) The reporter learned from the routine press conference held by the National Forestry and Grassland Bureau on the 8th that all 31 key tasks identified in the pilot program of the Sanjiangyuan National Park System have been completed and have been established. National park conditions; "Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park Master Plan" has been prepared and is currently being reported for approval. At present, 10 national park system pilots including the Northeast Tiger, Leopard, and Giant Panda have been established nationwide, involving 12 provinces, with a total area of about 220,000 square kilometers, accounting for 2.3% of the land area. In the second half of this year, the State Forestry and Grassland Administration will organize a pilot national park acceptance test. Formally established national parks will meet the standards and requirements.
The Sanjiangyuan National Park Institutional Pilot Zone is located in Qinghai Province. It includes three parks, the Yangtze River Source, the Yellow River Source, and the Lancang River Source. The total area is 123,100 square kilometers. The "Chinese Water Tower" is an important ecological security barrier in China and even in Asia.
According to Ren Yonglu, deputy director of the Sanjiangyuan National Park Management Bureau, during the pilot process, a national park management system with full coverage of provinces, counties, and villages was explored and constructed, which basically solved the problems of "Kowloon Water Control" and fragmentation of supervision and enforcement. At the same time, in order to fully mobilize the herdsmen's enthusiasm for protecting the ecology, a total of 17,200 ecological management staff were employed to hold their posts, and the average annual income of households increased by 21,600 yuan. At present, the effectiveness of ecological protection and restoration in the pilot area of the Sanjiangyuan National Park system is increasingly apparent. The average amount of water conservation has increased by more than 6%, the grassland coverage has increased by more than 11%, and the grass yield has increased by more than 30%.
The Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park Institutional Pilot Area is located in the central mountainous region of Hainan Province, with a total area of 4,400 square kilometers, accounting for about 1/7 of the land area of Hainan Island. It is the only “ Continental island-type "tropical rain forest.
Xia Fei, director of the Hainan Tropical Rainforest National Park Management Bureau, introduced that during the pilot, the ecological relocation of the national park core protected area was initiated; the forest land in the national park was divided into several 4,000 acres / blocks of forests to achieve real-time monitoring and make forest management and responsibility Implemented to every forester; set up Hainan National Park Research Institute to focus on the protection of Hainan gibbon. The population of Hainan gibbon has gradually increased, with only 7-9 individuals remaining at the end of the 1970s, and currently reaching 30 in 4 groups, showing a good momentum of continuous expansion.
The reporter also learned that there are 602 wetland nature reserves in China and 899 national wetland parks, with a wetland protection rate of 52.19%. The total wetland area ranks first in Asia and fourth in the world.
People's Daily (January 9, 2020, 14th edition)
(Responsible editor: Wang Wanying)