Residents' "vegetable baskets" are no small matter, especially as the protagonists on the table of Chinese people, the price of pork is always touching people's hearts.
At present, with the accelerated recovery of pig production, the current growth rate of pig supply is higher than the growth rate of consumer demand, and the contradiction between supply and demand of pork continues to ease.
In the future, as more support policies are implemented, pig production and supply will be more secure. Experts said that some pig farms' pigs that had been stalled in the early stages began to be listed on the market. In addition, commercial reserves, government reserves and increased imports of pork will be released one after another. It is expected that the supply and demand of pork will be stable during the Spring Festival.
Pork is an important "vegetable basket" product for urban and rural residents. The central government attaches great importance to how to speed up the restoration of live pig production and how to ensure the supply of pork market.
The Spring Festival is approaching, how is the recovery of pig production? Is the holiday pork supply guaranteed? At a press conference held by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs on January 8, Yu Kangzhen, Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that with the accelerated recovery of production, the current growth rate of pig supply is higher than the growth rate of consumer demand, and the contradiction between pork supply and demand continues to ease. During the Spring Festival, the supply and demand of pork was generally stable.
More support measures to accelerate implementation
How to solve the problems that farmers did not dare to raise, can't raise, or refuse to raise? Yang Zhenhai, director of the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Bureau of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, said that the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has recently issued a series of policies and measures to support pig production in conjunction with relevant departments. "During the investigation at the grass-roots level, the pig farm households expressed their satisfaction with the support policies. At present, various localities are solidly implementing various policies and have made significant progress." Yang Zhenhai said.
First, increase financial subsidies for pig production. The central government's new pigs in 2019 transferred out 700 million yuan of incentive funds from large counties, and 220 million yuan of compulsory culling subsidies for African swine fever have been allocated to the counties. Up to now, local governments have implemented loan subsidies of about 400 million yuan for breeding pig farms and large-scale pig farms. The catalogue of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies for pig production has been expanded to 22, involving automatic feeding, environmental control, epidemic prevention and control, and abandonment. There are four types of material handling, 180 million yuan of subsidy funds have been used to support 72,000 pig farm households to purchase 76,000 machines.
Second, increase credit insurance support. According to preliminary statistics from the Banking and Insurance Supervision Department, the loan balance of the pig breeding industry of banking financial institutions in 2019 was 198 billion yuan, and the insurance industry underwent a total of 18.85 million sows and nearly 300 million fattening pigs. Liaoning, Guangdong and other provinces actively and steadily launched live pig mortgage loans. Zhaoqing City, Guangdong Province launched the first batch of 4,000 live pig mortgage loans, the bank granted 30 million yuan of credit, and the first batch of 5 million yuan of loans.
"To have money to raise" also needs to be "raised with land and transported." In order to further regulate the management of closed areas, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas have conducted investigations on the delineation of closed areas, and sent 20 working groups to carry out centralized supervision in 200 pig breeding counties. The maintenance area will be cleaned up and corrected.
In addition, according to preliminary statistics from the transportation department, from September to November 2019, a total of 230 million yuan in toll fees for piglet and chilled pork transport vehicles were waived nationwide, benefiting 1.078 million vehicles.
According to reports, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, in conjunction with the Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, and the National Forestry and Grass Bureau, has further improved the policy on land for facilities agriculture in response to problems such as difficult land use and environmental impact assessment. Many departments have clarified the policy of using pigland to develop live pig breeding, and launched pilots of the EIA notification commitment system. The implementation of the regulations on the selection distance of animal breeding farms shall be suspended, and the location shall be confirmed by each locality based on the risk assessment.
Good recovery in pig production
To do a good job in ensuring pork supply and price stabilization, the most fundamental thing is to resume pig production. Data show that the basic production capacity of pigs is continuing to recover. In December 2019, the nationwide breeding sow stock increased by 2.2% month-on-month, and increased for the third consecutive month. The output of pig feed increased by 2% month-on-month in December, increasing for 4 consecutive months. Among them, the sow feed increased significantly by 10%, indicating that the basic production capacity of hogs in the country is actively recovering.
Monitoring by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas has shown that the capacity of large-scale pig farms is recovering faster. In December 2019, live pigs and breeding sows in pig farms with an annual production volume of more than 5,000 pigs nationwide increased by 2.7% and 3.4% from the previous month, both of which increased for 4 consecutive months. The production capacity of pigs in the Northeast, Northwest, and Huang-Huai-Hai areas where production was restored earlier is further released. In December, the growth rate of pig slaughter in Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Shandong, Shaanxi, Gansu, and Ningxia was significantly higher than the national average.
Yu Kangzhen said that from the perspective of production and supply, pig production continued to maintain a good momentum of recovery and development. Some pig farms started to sell the fattened pigs. Before the Spring Festival, the market supply of fat pigs increased significantly. Monitoring data show that the number of pigs slaughtered in December 2019 increased by 14.1% compared with November, which is completely different from the situation in which the number of pigs slaughtered continued to decline from August to November. Judging from the consumption monitoring data, the pork retail transaction volume in the bazaar market increased by 11.7% month-on-month in December. The growth rate of supply is higher than the growth rate of consumer demand, and the contradiction between supply and demand of pork has eased.
"The weight of fattening pigs in the market in December has increased significantly, indicating that there are too many big pigs currently in the pen. These big pigs will gradually be released before the Spring Festival. In addition, commercial reserves, government reserves and increased pork imports will be released one after another. The supply and demand of pork is generally stable. At the same time, the agricultural and rural departments at all levels have strengthened the safety supervision of meat quality during slaughtering, and severely cracked down on illegal and illegal behaviors such as slaughtering sick and dead pigs, injecting water and medicine, and slaughtering illegally, so that ordinary people can rest assured. " Yu Kangzhen said.
According to reports, since 2019, cattle and sheep and poultry farming have benefited well, farmers are very enthusiastic about production, and cattle and mutton, poultry, eggs and milk production have increased in an all-round way. According to the monitoring by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the annual increase in poultry meat output in 2019 is more than 15%, with an increase of about 3 million tons. Among them, broiler slaughtering year-on-year growth of 13.2%. At the same time, the output of beef and mutton increased by about 3%, the output of eggs increased by 5.7%, and the output of milk increased by 5.7%, which were significantly higher than the average level in the past five years. Yu Kangzhen said that, in general, the market supply of beef and mutton, poultry, eggs, and milk is very sufficient, which can not only fill the pork supply gap to a certain extent, but also enrich the "vegetable basket" of the common people and improve the diet structure.
Keeping meat on the tip of your tongue safe
Data show that since the first case of African swine fever was diagnosed in China in August 2018, a total of 162 African swine fever cases have been reported nationwide, killing 1.2 million infected pigs. At present, there is one epidemic situation in Yunnan Province that has not been lifted, and the epidemic areas in the remaining 30 provinces have all been lifted. In 2019, a total of 63 African swine fever outbreaks were reported nationwide, killing 390,000 pigs. Except for April, the number of outbreaks in the other 11 months remained in single digits. At the same time, the global situation of African swine fever is severe. In 2019, there were more than 14,600 African swine fever in 27 countries and regions.
"It must be recognized that China ’s African swine fever virus has formed a large pollution surface, and the epidemic situation is expected to occur in the future. The situation of prevention and control is still severe and complicated. Especially after the implementation of various policy measures, the prevention and control of epidemic diseases may become a constraint. The biggest risk factor for the recovery and development of hog production. "Yu Kangzhen said that the winter and spring festival was originally a season of high incidence of animal diseases. With the coming of the cold winter season, the hog production in various places will accelerate the recovery and development, and the pig transportation will increase before the Spring Festival. Increased. Especially in northern regions, the temperature generally drops below freezing point. If disinfection and other measures are not implemented, the risk of the epidemic will be higher.
In response to the severe and complicated situation of African swine fever prevention and control, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs has recently strengthened monitoring, investigation, reporting, and disposal to organize African swine fever prevention and control and rehabilitation for all breeding farmers and animal epidemic prevention personnel in the country. Technical lecture halls, organizing various places to carry out "big field with small households" technical training to improve prevention and control capabilities. At the same time, according to changes in the prevention and control situation, timely adjustment and optimization of the African swine fever epidemic treatment plan will be made to reduce the risk of spread and occurrence of the epidemic, ensure that the epidemic does not rebound, and escort the recovery and development of pig production.
In order to ensure the quality and safety of pork, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs conducted a large-scale inspection of pig slaughtering links nationwide. Yang Zhenhai said that the big inspection has achieved full coverage of all pig slaughtering enterprises without leaving dead ends. According to the production scale of slaughtering enterprises, the provincial, municipal and county-level agricultural and rural departments shall inspect them separately. First, pay close attention to the implementation of the two systems of African swine fever self-inspection and official veterinary dispatch in the slaughtering process, to ensure that slaughter companies carry out African swine fever detection in accordance with the requirements of "batch approval, full coverage", and reduce the risk of African swine fever spreading through the slaughtering process . Secondly, pay close attention to the implementation of the main responsibility of the quality and safety of the slaughtering enterprises, ensure that the slaughtering enterprises strictly carry out meat quality inspection, strengthen the management to be slaughtered, and ensure the quality and safety of listed pig products. In addition, pay close attention to the inventory products of slaughter enterprises, strictly prevent slaughter enterprises from storing substandard products, and prevent food safety risks.
As the Spring Festival approached, consumption of live pig products entered a peak period, and illegal activities such as slaughtering and processing of sick and dead pigs were prone to occur frequently. In this regard, Yu Kangzhen said that the agricultural, rural, public security, market supervision and other departments will pay close attention to key time points and key areas, and increase the inspection of live pig products such as breeding, transportation, slaughtering, processing, and management, and carry out strict checks. Carry out illegal acts and ensure the safety of the meat on the tip of the people's tongue. (Economic Daily, China Economic Network reporter Qiao Jinliang)